Located in the far south of the American continent and known as the city of the End of the World, discover the top five things to do in Ushuaia.
1) Sail in the Beagle Channel to the lighthouse Les Éclaireurs
One of the essential experiences to do in Ushuaia is to sail through the mythical Beagle Channel, to reach the famous lighthouse Les Éclaireurs. Several agencies of tourism of the city offer the tour that leaves from the port of the city, visits the Isla de los Lobos to spy the colony of sea lions, the Isla de los Pájaros where cormorants are seen, until arriving at the lighthouse.
There are different navigation routes offered by the agencies, the shortest route is about 3 hours long, and the longest can reach 7 hours, with a visit to the first estancia called Harberton.
2) Visit Tierra del Fuego National Park
Located about 11 km from the city center, Tierra del Fuego National Park is one of the things to do in Ushuaia. Visiting the national park can be done on your own or through an excursion with an agency.
As you walk through the park you will find breathtaking scenery, ranging from emerald water lakes, high snow-capped mountains, glaciers and friendly beavers. In the summer season you can stay at one of its campsites and trek along the trails to enjoy the scenery.
3) Ushuaia Maritime and Prison Museum
The famous and old End of the World Prison is one of the must-see places in Ushuaia. It is a building surrounded by a lot of history, which functioned as a prison until 1947, but still maintains its structure with a central hall and five pavilions. Nowadays, the Marine Art Museum, the Maritime Museum, the Antarctic Museum and the Presidio Museum operate in this place.
The Presidio Museum, perhaps the best known of the four mentioned, keeps the history of famous criminals who inhabited the prison as the Petiso Orejudo or Mateo Banks, as well as the life of the prisoners inside and the punishments they received. As for the rest of the museums, one finds objects from ancient expeditions, works of art and even Antarctic naval models that are marvelous.
4) Visit everything that has to do with the “End of the World”.
In the city of the End of the World, there are many places to visit referred to this topic, which makes it one of the essential things to do in Ushuaia:
- Tren del Fin del Mundo (End of the World Train): At the entrance to Tierra del Fuego National Park, the End of the World Train is an old steam train from the beginning of the 20th century that works for tourist purposes. You can take walks on board this relic, which travels through Patagonian landscapes.
- End of the World sign: arriving at the end of national route number 3 is a dream for many travelers, as it is to reach the end of the journey through the American continent. Opposite Lapataia Bay, there is a sign that marks the end of the route and the distance in kms from here to Buenos Aires and Alaska (about 17,848 km to the far north of the continent).
- Museum of the End of the World: this museum works in two different historical buildings: the Banco Nación house located at 173 Maipu Street, and the old Government House located at 465 Maipu. Along the way, there are permanent and temporary exhibitions with guided tours, as well as an important historical archive of the city.
- Postal Unit of the End of the World: this small postal station has the particularity of being on a dock in Lapataia Bay and in front of the Round Island. In this place you can stamp your passport with the inscription “End of the World”, buy stamps or send a postcard from the southern end of the continent to anywhere in the world.
- Lighthouse of the End of the World: contrary to what everyone supposes, the lighthouse Les Eclaireurs, which is visited with the maritime excursion, is not the lighthouse of the End of the World. The real lighthouse of the End of the World is located on the island of the States and is called San Juan de Salvamento, but it cannot be visited with an excursion.
5) Martial Glacier
The particularity of the Martial Glacier that makes its visit one of the things to do in Ushuaia is that it’s only a few kilometers away from the city center and the ascent doesn’t require so much physical effort.
During summer season there are trails enabled to reach the base of the glacier and enjoy the beautiful views of Ushuaia and the Beagle Channel. During the winter season, the place is transformed into a ski resort.
The base of Martial Hill has a mountain refuge, ideal to stop and have a drink after the physical effort in the ascent. In order to visit the Martial Glacier, it is advisable to wear windbreakers and warm clothes, even in summer, because the temperature at the base of the glacier is much lower than in the center of the city.